Polio or Poliomyelitis is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus that attacks the nervous system. It can cause paralysis, disability, and even death in severe cases. To prevent the spread of polio, there are several steps that individuals and communities can take. Early detection and treatment of polio cases can help prevent further spread of the disease. If you or someone you know experiences symptoms such as fever, headache, stiffness in the neck or back, weakness or paralysis in the limbs, or difficulty breathing or swallowing, seek medical attention immediately.
By knowing these tips and following these steps to prevent the spread of polio, we can help protect ourselves and our loved ones from this dangerous disease.
1. Vaccination: The most effective way to prevent the spread of polio is through vaccination. Vaccines are available that can protect against polio, and everyone needs to get vaccinated which include children, adults, and travelers who may be at risk of exposure to the virus.
All children should receive the polio vaccine as part of their routine immunization schedule.
2. Hand hygiene: Polio spreads through contact with infected feces or oral secretions, proper hand hygiene can also help prevent the spread of polio. It is essential to wash hands regularly with soap and water, in a case where water and soap is not easily accessible, you can use a hand sanitizer. This is especially important after using the bathroom or changing diapers. Regularly washing hands with soap and water, especially before eating or preparing food, can reduce the risk of infection.
3. Sanitation: Maintaining a clean and sanitary environment can also help prevent the spread of polio. This includes proper disposal of waste and sewage, practicing good sanitation such as boiling water before drinking it, and ensuring you get water from clean sources.
4. Avoid close contact with infected individuals: Since polio is highly contagious, it is important to avoid close contact with individuals who are infected with the virus.
5. Travel precautions: If traveling to areas where polio is still prevalent, it is important to take extra precautions such as getting vaccinated before you travel and avoiding contaminated food and water sources.
You can also find vaccines that are available at our pharmacy here:
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Disclaimer: Kindly remember that as much as we ensure we provide sound information or advice, the information or advice given here is not intended to replace your doctor’s advice.