It is no news that our country’s current weather situation is alarming. 

Let’s discuss heat stroke and heat exhaustion.

Heat stroke is the most serious heat-related illness. It occurs when the body can no longer control its temperature. The temperature rises rapidly, sweating mechanism fails, and the body is unable to cool down. When heat stroke occurs, the body’s temperature can rise to 41 degrees centigrade or higher within 10-15 minutes.

Heat exhaustion is the body’s response to an excessive loss of water and salt, usually through excessive sweating.

Who are those at high risk for heat-related illness?

  • Children 4 years old and below
  • People 65 years and above
  • Overweight people
  • People with long-term illnesses
  • People with down’s syndrome
  • People on certain medications (ask your pharmacist)

Signs and symptoms of heat stroke

  • Very high body temperature (above 39.4 degree Centigrade)
  • Red, hot, and dry skin (no sweating)
  • Rapid strong pulse
  • Throbbing headache
  • Dizziness
  • Stomach upset
  • Confusion
  • Passing out

Signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion

  • Heavy sweating
  • Paleness
  • Muscle cramps
  • Tiredness
  • Weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Upset stomach or vomiting
  • Fainting

How to avoid heat stroke / heat exhaustion

  • Stay indoors when the temperature is very high (especially between 2pm and 4pm)
  • Drink enough water, gradually. 
  • Discuss your medications with your pharmacist or doctor
  • Know those at higher risk of heat stroke and check on them
  • Avoid leaving children or pets in vehicles unattended
  • Never leave children or pets in a closed, packed vehicle

If you must go out when the temperature is high:


CDC website: Infographic: Avoid Spot Treat: Heat Stroke & Heat Exhaustion. Infographic: Avoid Spot Treat: Heat Stroke & Heat Exhaustion | CDC

Mayo Clinic: Heat Stroke: first aid. Heatstroke: First aid – Mayo Clinic

When you come into Victory Drugs, ask us for a cup of water. It’s free!!! Talk to us about your medications.

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Disclaimer: Kindly remember that as much as we ensure we provide sound information or advice, the information or advice given here is not intended to replace your doctor’s advice.