One of the best ways to identify asthma triggers is to pay careful attention to how your asthma symptom occurs, the environment in which it occurs and, if possible, the time/season.

Once asthma triggers have been identified, you have many options: 

  1. Avoid the trigger entirely.
  2. Limit exposure to the trigger if it can not be completely avoided.
  3. If exposure to the trigger can be predicted, consult with your health care professional to know if you need to take an extra dose of your asthma medicine before exposure to the trigger.

It is important that we discuss what allergens are at this point. 

Allergens are substances that can cause allergic reactions, and are the major asthma triggers in people living with asthma.

Highlighted below are some common facts about allergens and how they can be avoided:

  1. Dust and Dust Mites: Dust mites are microscopic, insect-like pests that commonly live in house dust. They grow very rapidly in dark, humid (warm and moist) places with low temperatures and in places where the house dust has accumulated over a long period.

           How to avoid the trigger

  • Remove rugs from the bedroom. Minimize the number of stuffed toys (teddy bears and the likes) that collect dust in the bedroom and wash them weekly.
  • Wash bed linens and blankets regularly (every week) with hot water and dry in the sun.
  • Encase pillows and mattresses in air-tight covers to make a barrier between dust mites and yourself.
  • Ventilate the house sufficiently to decrease humidity and avoid damp housing conditions.
  1. Pollens and molds: Pollens are fine powders produced by certain plants when they reproduce. They are blown into the air at certain times of the year, like during summer. Mold is a type of fungus that lives on plants and animal matter and grows best in damp and poorly ventilated places.

           How to avoid the trigger

  • Keep windows and doors closed at peak pollen seasons.
  • Mold thrives on film that covers tiles, sinks, and tubs.
  • Regular cleaning of all surfaces and repairing areas with water leaks can prevent molds from growing indoors.
  1. Cigarette/Tobacco smoke: Cigarettes contain chemicals that are destructive to the lungs.

           How to avoid the trigger

  • Anyone living with asthma should never smoke. Smoking should not be allowed in the person’s home, and second-hand smoke should be avoided whenever possible.
  1. Cockroaches 
  • Cockroaches can shed or excrete particles that contain allergens that have been shown to trigger asthma in sensitive individuals. Cockroaches thrive in warm environments with easily accessible food and water.

           How to avoid the trigger

  • Seal cracks and holes.
  • Store trash in containers with lids that close securely and remove them daily.
  • Practice good hygiene; Wash dishes and cooking utensils immediately after use.
  • Remove cockroach debris quickly.
  • Eliminate any standing water from leaking faucets or drains.
  • Eradicate cockroaches with appropriate insecticide (be careful with insecticide if you react to it)

Reference: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/trigger-avoidance-in-asthma-beyond-the-basics#H10.

You can find products that can help with asthmatic conditions here:https://victorydrugs.com.ng/page/1/?s=nebulizer&post_type=product

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Disclaimer: Kindly remember that as much as we ensure we provide sound information or advice, the information or advice given here is not intended to replace your doctor’s advice and Victory Drugs is not liable for any decision you make based on the information or advice provided here.